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Infant Incubator Lesson 10

How does heat move?

Student Sheet 

Teacher Answers 

Estimated class Time:

Two 40-minute class periods


How does heat move?


  • Ice cubes, one per block
  • Ice Melting Blocks set; one per pair or group (option to buy here)
  • O-ring for each block
  • Paper towels
  • Thermometers (infrared work best); one per group
  • Rulers; one per group
  • Metric balance; one per group


Lesson Level Learning Objectives:


  • MS-PS3-5 Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object. 


  • Students investigate with the ice melting blocks and interpret data in order to begin understanding conductors, insulators, and thermal equilibrium. 

What we Figured Out: 

  • Students learn that Block A is a conductor which means a material through which heat travels easily, such as metal (Block A is aluminum.).
  • Students learn that Block B is an insulator which means a material through which heat does not travel through easily, such as plastic.
  • Students also learn about heat transfer and thermal equilibrium.
  • Heat transfer - Heat will move from warmer areas to cooler areas.
  • Thermal Equilibrium - When thermal energy moves from a hot area to a cooler area until it is the same temperature.

Questions we still have:

  • Can we control where heat travels:
  • How can we control how heat moves?
  • How does this relate to incubators?

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